Hạt nhựa Polycarbonate Makrolon 2805, 2807, 2858 (Bayer)


Tên sản phẩm: Hạt nhựa PC 2407, 2807, 2858, trong suốt
Mã sản phẩm Makrolon 2407, 2807, 2858
Nhóm sản phẩm: Hạt nhựa PC
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Polycarbonate Makrolon 2405; 2407; 2805; 2807, 2858

Mã màu: 550115 (trong suốt)






Makrolon 2805 and 2858 polycarbonate resins are linear,
medium-viscosity, high-performance thermoplastics
produced in pellet form for processing primarily by
injection molding. The resins are available in natural,
clear tints, and transparent, translucent, and opaque
Makrolon 2805 and 2858 resins contain an internal
mold release additive. In addition, Makrolon 2858
resin complies with FDA food-contact regulations
21 CFR 177.1580 (Polycarbonate Resins) and may
be used in contact with all food types. Most colors
may be used for all thermal food-contact applications.
However, some colors are limited by Conditions of Use
B, 21 CFR 175.300 and 176.170 and may not be used
when the food is sterilized in the food-contact article
under autoclaving conditions. Please contact your
Bayer Corporation representative with complete details
when food contact is involved.
Makrolon 2858 resin, in natural 000000 and clear tints
550042 and 550115, is also listed under NSF standard
51 for use in food equipment. Please consult your
Bayer Corporation representative for more information
about food equipment applications.
Makrolon 2805 and 2858 polycarbonate resins have an
excellent balance of engineering properties, including
outstanding impact strength and ductility, a large service
temperature range, excellent electrical properties,
and dimensional stability. These general purpose
grades are used in the automotive industry, building
and construction, business equipment, consumer
products, electronics and telecommunications, lighting,
packaging, optical devices, optical lenses, and photo-graphic equipment. As with any product, use of
Makrolon 2805 and 2858 resins in a given application
must be tested (including but not limited to field
testing) in advance by the user to determine suitability.
Medical Applications
Makrolon 2858 polycarbonate resin is used in a variety
of medical devices.


Biocompatibility:Certain color formulations of
Makrolon 2858 resin, such as clear tint 550115, meet
the requirements of the FDA-modified ISO 10993, Part
1 “Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices” tests
with human tissue contact time of 30 days or less.Only
products that meet these requirements may be considered
candidates for applications requiring biocompatibility.
Regrind must not be used in medical applications
requiring biocompatibility.
Manufacturer’s Responsibility: It is the responsibility
of the medical device, biological product or
pharmaceutical manufacturer (“Manufacturer”) to
determine the suitability of all component parts and
raw materials, including Makrolon 2858 resin, used in
its final product in order to ensure safety and compliance
with FDA requirements. This determination must
include, as applicable, testing for suitability as an
implant device and suitability as to contact with and/or
storage of human tissue and liquids including, without
limitation, medication, blood or other bodily fluids.
Under no circumstances may Makrolon 2858 resin
be used in any cosmetic, reconstructive or reproductive
implant applications. Nor may Makrolon 2858 resin
be used in any other bodily implant applications or
any applications involving contact with or storage of
human tissue, blood, or other bodily fluids for greater
than 30 days, based on FDA-modified ISO 10993, Part 1
“Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices” tests.
The suitability of a Bayer product in a given end-use
environment is dependent upon various conditions
including, without limitation, chemical compatibility,
temperature, part design, sterilization method, residual
stresses, and external loads. It is the responsibility of
the Manufacturer to evaluate its final product under
actual end-use requirements and to adequately advise
and warn purchasers and users thereof.
Single-use medical devices made from a Bayer product
are not suitable for multiple uses. If the medical device
is designed for multiple uses, it is the responsibility of
the Manufacturer to determine the appropriate number
of permissible uses by evaluating the device under actual
sterilization and end-use conditions and to adequately
advise and warn purchasers and users thereof


Sterilization: Parts molded from Makrolon 2858 resin
are sterilizable using radiation, ethylene oxide, or steam
autoclaving. When sterilizing with steam, germicides
and detergents must be rinsed thoroughly from
polycarbonate parts prior to autoclaving. Failure
to thoroughly remove germicides and detergents from
the part prior to autoclaving may cause accelerated
degradation of the polycarbonate.
Steam sterilization temperatures for parts made of
Makrolon polycarbonate must not exceed 250º F
(121ºC) to avoid part deformation. Please note that
permanent immersion of polycarbonate parts in water
above 140ºF (60ºC) or in steam causes loss of material
properties and must be avoided. Furthermore, condensed
steam should not be allowed to accumulate, as this may
cause damage to parts. Polycarbonate parts should also
be protected from damage by substances such as
alkaline corrosion inhibitors, which are frequently
added to boiler feed water.
The sterilization method and the number of sterilization
cycles a medical device made from Makrolon 2858
resin can withstand will vary depending upon type/
grade of product, part design, processing parameters,
sterilization temperature, and chemical environment.
Therefore, the Manufacturer must evaluate each device
to determine the sterilization method and the number
of permissible sterilization cycles appropriate for
actual end-use requirements and must adequately
advise and warn purchasers and users thereof.
All polycarbonate resins are hygroscopic and must
be thoroughly dried prior to processing. A desiccant
dehumidifying hopper dryer is recommended. To
achieve a moisture content of less than 0.02%, hopper
inlet air temperature should be 250°F (121°C) and inlet
air dew point should be -20°F (-29°C) or lower. The
hopper capacity should be sufficient to provide a
minimum residence time of 4 hours. Additional
information on drying procedures is available in the
Bayer brochure General Drying Guide.
Makrolon 2805 and 2858 polycarbonate resins may be
easily processed on commercially available equipment
suitable for injection molding of polycarbonate.
Processing parameters are listed in the “Typical
Injection Molding Conditions” table. Actual processing
conditions will depend on machine size, mold design,
material residence time, shot size, etc.
Additional information on processing may be obtained
by consulting the Bayer publication Makrolon Polycar-bonate — A Processing Guide for Injection Molding
and by contacting a Bayer Corporation technical
service representative.
Regrind Information
Where end-use requirements permit, up to 20%
Makrolon resin regrind may be used with virgin
material, provided that the material is kept free of
contamination and is properly dried (see section on
Drying). Any regrind used must be generated from
properly molded parts, sprues, and/or runners. All
regrind used must be clean, uncontaminated, and
thoroughly blended with virgin resin prior to drying
and processing. Under no circumstances should
degraded, discolored, or contaminated material be
used for regrind. Materials of this type should be
properly discarded.
Improperly mixed and/or dried regrind may diminish
the desired properties of Makrolon resin. It is critical
that you test finished parts produced with any amount
of regrind to ensure that your end-use performance
requirements are fully met. Regulatory or testing
organizations (e.g., UL) may have specific require-ments limiting the allowable amount of regrind.
Because third party regrind generally does not have
a traceable heat history or offer any assurance that
proper temperatures, conditions, and/or materials were
used in processing, extreme caution must be exercised
in buying and using regrind from third parties.
The use of regrind material should be avoided entirely
in those applications where resin properties equiva-lent to virgin material are required, including but not
limited to color quality, impact strength, resin purity,
and/or load-bearing performance.
Please see back cover for additional information ...
Typical Injection Molding Conditions
Barrel Temperatures:
Rear .............................................. 500°–540°F (260°–282°C)
Middle ........................................... 530°–570°F (277°–299°C)
Front .............................................. 555°–595°F (291°–313°C)
Nozzle ........................................... 535°–595°F (279°–313°C)
Melt Temperature .............................. 560°–590°F (293°–310°C)
Mold Temperature ............................... 150°–220°F (66°–104°C)
Injection Pressure ......................................... 10,000–20,000 psi
Hold Pressure .............................. 50–70% of Injection Pressure
Back Pressure ........................................................... 50–100 psi
Screw Speed ............................................................. 50–75 rpm
Injection Speed ................................................ Moderate to Fast
Cushion ........................................................................ 1/8–1/4 in
Clamp ........................................................................ 3–5 ton/in2
Page 2 of 4 — Document contains important information and must be read in its entirety.
ASTM Makrolon®2805/2858
Typical Properties* Test Method Resins
for Natural Resin (Other) U.S. Conventional SI Metric
Specific Gravity D 792 1.20
Density D 792 0.043 lb/in3 1.20 g/cm
Specific Volume D 792 23.1 in3/lb 0.83 cm
Mold Shrinkage D 955 0.006–0.008 in/in 0.006–0.008 mm/mm
Water Absorption, Immersion at 73°F (23°C): D 570
24 Hours 0.12%
Equilibrium 0.30%
Melt Flow Ratea
at 300°C/1.2-kg Load D 1238 10 g/10 min
Transmittance at 0.125-in (3.2-mm) Thickness D 1003 88%
Haze at 0.125-in (3.2-mm) Thickness D 1003 <0.8%
Refractive Index D 542 1.586
Tensile Stress at Yield D 638 9,400 lb/in
65 MPa
Tensile Stress at Break D 638 10,200 lb/in
70 MPa
Tensile Elongation at Yield D 638 6%
Tensile Elongation at Break D 638 115%
Tensile Modulus (1 mm/min) D 638 350,000 lb/in
2.4 GPa
Flexural Stress at 5% Strain D 790 12,500 lb/in
86 MPa
Flexural Modulus D 790 340,000 lb/in
2.4 GPa
Compressive Stress at Yield D 695 11,000 lb/in2
76 MPa
Impact Strength, Notched Izod: D 256
73°F (23°C)
0.125-in (3.2-mm) Thickness 17 ft•lb/in 908 J/m
Tensile Impact Strength, “S” Specimen: D 1822
0.125-in (3.2-mm) Thickness 275 ft•lb/in
2 575 kJ/m
Rockwell Hardness: D 785
M Scale 75
R Scale 120
Deflection Temperature, Unannealed: D 648
0.250-in (6.4-mm) Thickness
264-psi (1.82-MPa) Load 268°F 131°C
66-psi (0.46-MPa) Load 280°F 138°C
Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion D 696 3.34 E-05 in/in/°F 6.0 E-05 mm/mm/°C
Thermal Conductivity C 177 1.39 Btu•in/(h
•°F) 0.20 W/(m•K)
Specific Heat D 2766 0.28 Btu/(lb•°F) 1,172 J/(kg•K)
Relative Temperature Index: (UL746B)
0.059-in (1.5-mm) Thickness
Electrical 125°C
Mechanical with Impact 115°C
Mechanical without Impact 125°C
Vicat Softening Temperature, 50N; 50K/h D 1525 291°F 144°C
Oxygen Index D 2863 28%
UL94 Flame Class: (UL94)
1.5-mm (0.059-in) Thickness V-2 Rating
2.5-mm (0.098-in) Thickness HB Rating
6.0-mm (0.236-in) Thickness HB Rating
Volume Resistivity (Tinfoil Electrodes) D 257 1.0 E+16 ohm•cm
Surface Resistivity D 257 1.0 E+16 ohm
Dielectric Strength (Short Time Under Oil D 149
at 1-mm [0.04-in] and 73°F [23°C]) 810 V/mil 32 kV/mm
Dielectric Constant (Tinfoil Electrodes): 60 Hz D 150 3.0
1MHz 2.9
Dissipation Factor (Tinfoil Electrodes): 60 Hz D 150 0.0009
1 MHz 0.01
Arc Resistance: Stainless Steel Electrodes D 495 11 s
Tungsten Electrodes 120 s
* These items are provided as general information only. They are approximate values and are not part of the product specifications.
** Flammability results are based on small-scale laboratory tests for purposes of relative comparison and are not intended to reflect the hazards
presented by this or any other material under actual fire conditions.
For information on using melt flow as a quality control procedure, see the Bayer publication Makrolon Polycarbonate — A Processing Guide
for Injection Molding.
Type and quantity of pigment used in opaque colors can affect mechanical properties, especially toughness.
Page 3 of 4 — Document contains important information and must be read in its entirety.
131 6/02 Printed on recycled paper
General Characteristics of Polycarbonate
Hydrolytic Stability. Parts molded from polycarbonate
absorb only 0.15 to 0.19% water at room temperature
and 50% relative humidity. Dimensional stability and
mechanical properties remain virtually unaffected. Even
with immersion in water, dimensional changes measure
only about 0.5%. Although frequent, intermittent contact
with hot water does not harm polycarbonate, continuous
exposure to humidity or water at high temperatures
(>140°F/60°C) is not recommended due to hydrolytic
degradation, which reduces impact strength and
tensile properties.
Gas Permeability. Steam permeability, measured on
100-µm thick film, is 15 g/m
24 h (0.97 g/100 in
24 h).
Significant permeability also exists for other gases, such
as hydrogen, carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, helium,
ethylene oxide, and oxygen.
Chemical Resistance. Polycarbonate is resistant to
mineral acids (even in high concentrations), a large
number of organic acids, many oxidizing and reducing
agents, neutral and acidic saline solutions, some
greases and oils, saturated aliphatic and cycloaliphatic
hydrocarbons, and most alcohols. It is important
to note that polycarbonate is degraded by alkaline
solutions, ammonia gas and its solutions, and amines.
Polycarbonate dissolves in a number of organic
solvents, such as halogenated hydrocarbons and some
aromatic hydrocarbons. Other organic compounds
cause polycarbonate to swell or stress-crack, e.g.,
acetone and methyl ethyl ketone. Since chemical
resistance to various media is dependent on variables,
such as concentration, time, temperature, part design,
and residual stresses, the above information should
serve only as a guideline. It is imperative that production
parts be evaluated under actual application conditions
prior to commercial use.
Regulatory Compliance Information
Some of the end uses of the products described in this
bulletin must comply with applicable regulations, such
as FDA, NSF, USDA, and CPSC. If you have any
questions on the regulatory status of these products,
contact your BayerMaterialSciencerepresentative or
Bayer’s Regulatory Affairs Manager in Pittsburgh, Pa.
Health and Safety Information
Appropriate literature has been assembled which
provides information concerning the health and safety
precautions that must be observed when handling the
Makrolon resins described in this bulletin. Before
working with these products, you must read and
become familiar with the available information on their
hazards, proper use, and handling. This cannot be
overemphasized. Information is available in several
forms, e.g., material safety data sheets and product
labels. Consult your Bayer MaterialSciencerepresentative
or contact Bayer’s Product Safety and Regulatory
Affairs Department in Pittsburgh.


Note: The information contained in this bulletin is current as of June 2002. Please contact Bayer MaterialScienceto
determine whether this publication has been revised.

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